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On the window-disjoint-orthogonality of speech sources in reverberant humanoid scenarios

Publication by Sylvia Schulz, Thorsten Herfet
Published in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx’08), 2008


Many speech source separation approaches are based on the assumption of orthogonality of speech sources in the time-frequency domain. The target speech source is demixed from the mixture by applying the ideal binary mask to the mixture. The time-frequency orthogonality of speech sources is investigated in detail only for anechoic and artificially mixed speech mixtures. This paper evaluates how the orthogonality of speech sources decreases when using a realistic reverberant humanoid recording setup and indicates strategies to enhance the separation capabilities of algorithms based on ideal binary masks under these conditions. It is shown that the SIR of the target source demixed from the mixture using the ideal binary mask decreases by approximately 3 dB for reverberation times of T60= 0.6 s opposed to the anechoic scenario. For humanoid setups, the spatial distribution of the sources and the choice of the correct ear channel introduces differences in the SIR of further 3 dB, which leads to specific strategies to choose the best channel for demixing.